Law of Torques

Frolic and detour. A detour occurs when an agent makes a minor departure from his employer’s charge and a frolic is a major departure. The employer will be relieved of vicarious liability only if the employee has been deemed to have engaged in a frolic.

Tort: mid-13c injury, wrong, from Old French, crime, 11c, from Medieval Latin, tortum, injustice, twisted, from Latin torquere, turn, turn awry, twist, wring, distort. Legal sense, breach of a duty, whereby someone acquires right of action for damages, first recorded 1580s.

Torture: from Late Latin tortūra ‘a twisting, writhing, of bodily pain, a griping colic;’ in Middle Latin ‘pain inflicted by judicial or ecclesiastical authority as a means of persuasion, torture’, from Latin tortus, past participle of torquere (‘to twist’).

Torque: rotating force, fr. Latin torquere, to twist, turn, twist awry, distort, torture, fr. PIE *torkw-eyo-, causative of root *terkw- ‘to twist.’ Used as a term for necklaces worn anciently by Gauls, Britons, Germans, etc., fr. Latin torques, collar of twisted metal.

Twerk, spelled ‘twirk’, noun, first used 1820 for a twisting or jerking motion. The verb ‘to twirk’ recorded 1848; ‘twerk’ in use by 1901. May be a blend of ‘twist’ and ‘jerk’; in the modern sense, probably influenced by ‘work’.


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